Bauhaus (1919-1933)

German art, architecture and design school of the interwar period

Updated: February 12, 2014

The Bauhaus was an integrated school for art, architecture and design founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar, Germany in 1919. The Bauhaus curriculum included several innovative elements and its particular form of education, as well as many of the artists coming out of the school, heavily influenced art and architecture around the globe. Many former members of the Bauhaus were forced to leave Germany or chose to leave after the Nazis closed down the school in 1933. Several members of this group found a new home in the United States.

Selected Bibliography

Berghahn, Volker. “The Bauhaus, Transatlantic Relations, and the Historians,” GHI Bulletin Supplement 2 (2005): 157–176.

Grawe, Gabriele D. Call for Action. Mitglieder Des Bauhauses in Nordamerika. Weimar: VDG, 2002.

Kentgens-Craig, Margret. The Bauhaus and America: First Contacts 1919–1936. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999.

Archival Collections

Ferdinand Kramer Papers, Bauhaus Archiv, Museum für Gestaltung, Berlin, Germany.

Cite this Entry

MLA Style

"Bauhaus," Transatlantic Perspectives, 2021, Transatlantic Perspectives. 17 Oct 2021 <>

APA Style

"Bauhaus." (2021) In Transatlantic Perspectives, Retrieved October 17, 2021, from Transatlantic Perspectives: