Scott-Smith, Giles. "The Congress for Cultural Freedom, the End of Ideology and the 1955 Milan Conference: ‘Defining the Parameters of Discourse’." Journal of Contemporary History July 2002, 37(3): 437–455.

Scott-Smith, Giles. "The Congress for Cultural Freedom: Constructing an Intellectual Atlantic Community." In Defining the Atlantic Community: Culture, Intellectuals, and Policies in the Mid-Twentieth Century, edited by Michael Mariano, 132–145. London: Routledge, 2010.

Scott-Smith, Giles. The Politics of Apolitical Culture: The Congress for Cultural Freedom, the CIA and Post-War American Hegemony. London: Routledge, 2002.

Stöver, Bernd. Die Befreiung vom Kommunismus. Amerikanische Liberation Policy im Kalten Krieg 1947-1991. Cologne: Böhlau Verlag, 2002.

Steinkamp, Meike, and Ute Haug, eds. Werke und Werte. Über das Handeln und Sammeln von Kunst im Nationalsozialismus. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 2009.

Thomas, Evan. The Very Best Men: Four Who Dared: The Early Years of the CIA. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995.

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (ed.). Assignment Rescue: The Story of Varian Fry and the Emergency Rescue Committee. Washington, DC: USHMM, 1993.

Valentiner, W.R. E.L. Kirchner: German Expressionist. Raleigh, North Carolina: The North Carolina Museum of Art, 1958.

Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, ed. German Expressionist Art: The Ludwig and Rosy Fischer Collection. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1987.

Wilford, Hugh. The Mighty Wurlitzer: How the CIA Played America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.